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Ludwig Wittgenstein (Philosopher)

I don't know why we are here, but I'm pretty sure that it is not in order to enjoy ourselves.
Ludwig Wittgenstein joy
Tell them I've had a wonderful life.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
Don't get involved in partial problems, but always take flight to where there is a free view over the whole single great problem...
Ludwig Wittgenstein art
My difficulty is only an — enormous — difficulty of expression.
Ludwig Wittgenstein expression
It is one of the chief skills of the philosopher not to occupy himself with questions which do not concern him.
Ludwig Wittgenstein self
What do I know about God and the purpose of life? I know that this world exists.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
The World and Life are one. ... Ethics and Aesthetics are one.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
It seems to me as good as certain that we cannot get the upper hand against England. The English — the best race in the world — cannot lose! We, however, can lose and shall lose, if not this year then next year. The thought that our race is going to be beaten depresses me terribly, because I am completely German.
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
You won't — I really believe — get too much out of reading it. Because you won't understand it; the content will seem strange to you. In reality, it isn't strange to you, for the point is ethical. I once wanted to give a few words in the foreword which now actually are not in it, which, however, I'll write to you now because they might be a key for you: I wanted to write that my work consists of two parts: of the one which is here, and of everything which I have not written. And precisely this second part is the important one.
Ludwig Wittgenstein art
"It is necessary to be given the prop that all elementary props are given." This is not necessary because it is even impossible. There is no such prop! That all elementary props are given is SHOWN by there being none having an elementary sense which is not given.
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
A proposition is completely logically analyzed if its grammar is made completely clear: no matter what idiom it may be written or expressed in...
Ludwig Wittgenstein logic
The meaning of a question is the method of answering it: then what is the meaning of 'Do two men really mean the same by the word "white"?' Tell me how you are searching, and I will tell you what you are searching for.
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
What I give is the morphology of the use of an expression. I show that it has kinds of uses of which you had not dreamed. In philosophy one feels forced to look at a concept in a certain way. What I do is suggest, or even invent, other ways of looking at it. I suggest possibilities of which you had not previously thought. You thought that there was one possibility, or only two at most. But I made you think of others. Furthermore, I made you see that it was absurd to expect the concept to conform to those narrow possibilities. Thus your mental cramp is relieved, and you are free to look around the field of use of the expression and to describe the different kinds of uses of it.
Ludwig Wittgenstein philosophy
What is troubling us is the tendency to believe that the mind is like a little man within.
Ludwig Wittgenstein mind
Make sure that your religion is a matter between you and God only.
Ludwig Wittgenstein religion
Why in the world shouldn't they have regarded with awe and reverence that act by which the human race is perpetuated. Not every religion has to have 's attitude to sex. Why even in our culture marriages are celebrated in a church, everyone present knows what is going to happen that night, but that doesn't prevent it being a religious ceremony.
Ludwig Wittgenstein religion
A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes.
Ludwig Wittgenstein work
was by far the most profound thinker of the last century. Kierkegaard was a saint.
Ludwig Wittgenstein think
A good guide will take you through the more important streets more often than he takes you down side streets; a bad guide will do the opposite. In philosophy I'm a rather bad guide.
Ludwig Wittgenstein philosophy
As translated by , first edition (1961), Second edition (1984)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
One often makes a remark and only later sees how true it is.
Ludwig Wittgenstein true
Logic takes care of itself; all we have to do is to look and see how it does it.
Ludwig Wittgenstein self
Don't get involved in partial problems, but always take flight to where there is a free view over the whole single great problem, even if this view is still not a clear one.
Ludwig Wittgenstein art
I cannot get from the nature of the proposition to the individual logical operations!!! That is, I cannot bring out how far the proposition is the picture of the situation. I am almost inclined to give up all my efforts. ——
Ludwig Wittgenstein nature
Language is a part of our organism and no less complicated than it.
Ludwig Wittgenstein art
One of the most difficult of the philosopher's tasks is to find out where the shoe pinches.
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Certainly it is correct to say: Conscience is the voice of God.
Ludwig Wittgenstein science
What do I know about God and the purpose of life? I know that this world exists. That I am placed in it like my eye in its visual field. That something about it is problematic, which we call its meaning. This meaning does not lie in it but outside of it. That life is the world. That my will penetrates the world. That my will is good or evil. Therefore that good and evil are somehow connected with the meaning of the world.The , i.e. the meaning of the world, we can call God. And connect with this the comparison of God to a father.To pray is to think about the meaning of life.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
To believe in a God means to understand the question about the . To believe in a God means to see that the facts of the world are not the end of the matter. To believe in God means to see that life has a meaning.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
There are two godheads: the world and my independent I. I am either happy or unhappy, that is all. It can be said: good or evil do not exist. A man who is happy must have no fear. Not even in the face of death.Only a man who lives not in time but in the present is happy.
Ludwig Wittgenstein god
The World and Life are one. Physiological life is of course not "Life". And neither is psychological life. Life is the world. Ethics does not treat of the world. Ethics must be a condition of the world, like logic.Ethics and Aesthetics are one.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
It is true: Man is the microcosm: I am my world.
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
What cannot be imagined cannot even be talked about.
Ludwig Wittgenstein
It is clear that the causal nexus is not a nexus at all.
Ludwig Wittgenstein
online at Wikisource
Ludwig Wittgenstein
What can be said at all can be said clearly, and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence.
Ludwig Wittgenstein silence
Certain, possible, impossible: here we have the first indication of the scale that we need in the theory of probability.
Ludwig Wittgenstein need
Death is not an event in life: we do not live to experience death. If we take eternity to mean not infinite temporal duration but timelessness, then eternal life belongs to those who live in the present. Our life has no end in just the way in which our visual field has no limits.
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
My propositions are elucidatory in this way: he who understands me finally recognizes them as senseless, when he has climbed out through them, on them, over them... He must so to speak throw away the ladder...
Ludwig Wittgenstein
The aim of the book is to set a limit to thought, or rather — not to thought, but to the expression of thoughts: for in order to be able to set a limit to thought, we should have to find both sides of the limit thinkable (i.e. we should have to be able to think what cannot be thought). It will therefore only be in language that the limit can be set, and what lies on the other side of the limit will simply be nonsense.
Ludwig Wittgenstein thoughts
The whole sense of the book might be summed up the following words: what can be said at all can be said clearly, and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence.
Ludwig Wittgenstein words
The world is all that is the case. (1)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
The world is the totality of facts, not things. (1.1)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
What is the case, the fact, is the existence of atomic facts. (2)
Ludwig Wittgenstein existence
The logical picture of the facts is the thought. (3)
Ludwig Wittgenstein thought
Though a state of affairs that would contravene the laws of physics can be represented by us spatially, one that would contravene the laws of geometry cannot. (3.0321)
Ludwig Wittgenstein law
The thought is the significant proposition. (4)
Ludwig Wittgenstein thought
Philosophy aims at the logical clarification of thoughts. Philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity. A philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. Philosophy does not result in 'philosophical propositions', but rather in the clarification of propositions. Without philosophy thoughts are, as it were, cloudy and indistinct: its task is to make them clear and to give them sharp boundaries. (4.112)
Ludwig Wittgenstein philosophy
It is quite impossible for a proposition to state that it itself is true. (4.442)
Ludwig Wittgenstein self
A tautology's truth is certain, a proposition's possible, a contradiction's impossible. (Certain, possible, impossible: here we have the first indication of the scale that we need in the theory of probability.) (4.464)
Ludwig Wittgenstein truth
Propositions are truth-functions of elementary propositions. (An elementary proposition is a truth-function of itself.) (5)
Ludwig Wittgenstein truth
If I cannot say a priori what elementary propositions there are, then the attempt to do so must lead to obvious nonsense. (5.5571)
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
The limits of my language mean the limits of my world. (5.6)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
Logic pervades the world: the limits of the world are also its limits. So we cannot say in logic, "The world has this in it, and this, but not that." For that would appear to presuppose that we were excluding certain possibilities, and this cannot be the case, since it would require that logic should go beyond the limits of the world; for only in that way could it view those limits from the other side as well. We cannot think what we cannot think; so what we cannot think we cannot say either. (5.61)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
This remark provides the key to the problem, how much truth there is in . For what the solipsist means is quite correct; only it cannot be said, but makes itself manifest. The world is my world: this is manifest in the fact that the limits of language (of that language which alone I understand) mean the limits of my world. (5.62)
Ludwig Wittgenstein truth
The world and life are one. (5.621)
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
I am my world. (The microcosm.) (5.63)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
The subject does not belong to the world, but it is a limit of the world. (5.632)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
The world of the happy is quite different from the world of the unhappy. (6.43)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
Death is not an event in life: we do not live to experience death. If we take eternity to mean not infinite temporal duration but timelessness, then eternal life belongs to those who live in the present. Our life has no end in just the way in which our visual field has no limits. (6.4311)
Ludwig Wittgenstein life
It is not how things are in the world that is mystical, but that it exists. (6.44)
Ludwig Wittgenstein world
Scepticism is not irrefutable, but obviously nonsensical, when it tries to raise doubts where no questions can be asked. For doubt can exist only where a question exists, a question only where an answer exists, and an answer only where something can be said. (6.51)
Ludwig Wittgenstein doubt
There are, indeed, things that cannot be put into words. They make themselves manifest. They are what is mystical. (6.522)
Ludwig Wittgenstein words
My propositions are elucidatory in this way: he who understands me finally recognizes them as senseless, when he has climbed out through them, on them, over them. (He must so to speak throw away the ladder, after he has climbed up on it.) (6.54)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Wovon man nicht sprechen kann, dar
Ludwig Wittgenstein man
The difficulty in philosophy is to say no more than we know.
Ludwig Wittgenstein philosophy
The idea that in order to get clear about the meaning of a general term one had to find the common element in all its applications has shackled philosophical investigation; for it has not only led to no result, but also made the philosopher dismiss as irrelevant the concrete cases, which alone could have helped him understand the usage of the general term.
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
For remember that in general we don't use language according to strict rules — it hasn't been taught us by means of strict rules, either.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
What should we gain by a definition, as it can only lead us to other undefined terms?
Ludwig Wittgenstein
But ordinary language is all right.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
Edited by James Carl Klagge and Alfred Nordmann
Ludwig Wittgenstein man
Frazer's account of the magical and religious views of mankind is unsatisfactory; it makes these views look like errors.
Ludwig Wittgenstein magic
Every explanation is after all an hypothesis.
Ludwig Wittgenstein
What has to be overcome is not difficulty of the intellect but of the will.
Ludwig Wittgenstein will
Philosophical problems can be compared to locks on safes, which can be opened by dialing a certain word or number, so that no force can open the door until just this word has been hit upon, and once it is hit upon any child can open it.
Ludwig Wittgenstein problems
To convince someone of the truth, it is not enough to state it, but rather one must find the path from error to truth.
Ludwig Wittgenstein truth
I must plunge into the water of doubt again and again.
Ludwig Wittgenstein doubt
A religious symbol does not rest on any opinion. And error belongs only with opinion. One would like to say: This is what took place here; laugh, if you can.
Ludwig Wittgenstein religious
Burning in effigy. Kissing the picture of one's beloved... it aims at nothing at all; we just behave this way and then we feel satisfied.
Ludwig Wittgenstein love
The ceremonial (hot or cold) as opposed to the haphazard (lukewarm) characterizes piety.
Ludwig Wittgenstein war
We must plow through the whole of language.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
Frazer is much more savage than most of his savages, for they are not as far removed from the understanding of spiritual matter as a twentieth-century Englishman. His explanations of primitive practices are much cruder than the meaning of these practices themselves.
Ludwig Wittgenstein spiritual
When I am furious about something, I sometimes beat the ground or a tree with my walking stick. But I certainly do not believe that the ground is to blame or that my beating can help anything... And all rites are of this kind.
Ludwig Wittgenstein time
An entire mythology is stored within our language.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
What makes a subject difficult to understand — if it is significant, important — is not that some special instruction about abstruse things is necessary to understand it. Rather it is the contrast between the understanding of the subject and what most people want to see. Because of this the very things that are most obvious can become the most difficult to understand. What has to be overcome is not difficulty of the intellect but of the will.
Ludwig Wittgenstein people
Philosophizing is: rejecting false arguments. The philosopher strives to find the liberating word, that is, the word that finally permits us to grasp what up to now has intangibly weighed down upon our consciousness.
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
The problems are dissolved in the actual sense of the word — like a lump of sugar in water.
Ludwig Wittgenstein problems
Philosophy unravels the knots in our thinking; hence its results must be simple, but its activity is as complicated as the knots that it unravels.
Ludwig Wittgenstein thinking
People are deeply imbedded in philosophical, i.e., grammatical confusions. And to free them presupposes pulling them out of the immensely manifold connections they are caught up in.
Ludwig Wittgenstein men
The aim of philosophy is to erect a wall at the point where language stops anyway.
Ludwig Wittgenstein philosophy
Philosophers are often like little children, who first scribble random lines on a piece of paper with their pencils, and now ask an adult "What is that?"
Ludwig Wittgenstein children
Uttering a word is like striking a note on the keyboard of the imagination.
Ludwig Wittgenstein imagination
If a lion could talk, we could not understand him.
Ludwig Wittgenstein
For a large class of cases — though not for all — in which we employ the word meaning it can be explained thus: the meaning of a word is its use in the language.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
Philosophy is a battle against the bewitchment of our intelligence by means of our language.
Ludwig Wittgenstein intelligence
Like everything metaphysical the harmony between thought and reality is to be found in the grammar of the language.
Ludwig Wittgenstein reality
What we do is to bring words back from their metaphysical to their everyday use.
Ludwig Wittgenstein words
What we are destroying is nothing but houses of cards and we are clearing up the ground of language on which they stood.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language
Your questions refer to words; so I have to talk about words. You say : The point isn't the word, but its meaning, and you think of the meaning as a thing of the same kind as the word, though also different from the word. Here the word, there the meaning.
Ludwig Wittgenstein words
Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it.
Ludwig Wittgenstein language

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