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Aristotle (Philosopher)

Quotations from Aristotle are often cited by , which are keyed to the original Greek and therefore independent of the translation used.
Aristotle end
He who has overcome hiswill truly be .
Aristotle will
Misfortune shows those who are not really .
Aristotle real
Inthings ofthere is something of the marvelous.
Aristotle
We should venture on the study of every kind ofwithout distaste; for each and all will reveal to us something natural and something .
Aristotle will
Nature flies from the , for the infinite is unending or imperfect, and Nature ever seeks amend.
Aristotle men
Concerning the generation of animals akin to them, as hornets and wasps, the facts in all cases are similar to a certain extent, but are devoid of the extraordinary features which characterize bees; this we should expect, for they have nothing divine about them as the bees have.
Aristotle character
Just as it sometimes happens that deformed offspring are produced by deformed parents, and sometimes not, so the offspring produced by a female are sometimes female, sometimes not, but male, because the female is as it were a deformed male.
Aristotle time
All men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves; and above all others the sense of sight. For not only with a view to action, but even when we are not going to do anything, we prefer sight to almost everything else. The reason is that this, most of all the senses, makes us know and brings to light many differences between things.
Aristotle love
If, then, God is always in that good state in which we sometimes are, this compels our wonder; and if in a better this compels it yet more. And God is in a better state. And life also belongs to God; for the actuality of thought is life, and God is that actuality; and God's self-dependent actuality is life most good and eternal.
Aristotle life
Those who assert that the mathematical sciences say nothing of the beautiful or the good are in error. For these sciences say and prove a great deal about them; if they do not expressly mention them, but prove attributes which are their results or definitions, it is not true that they tell us nothing about them. The chief forms of beauty are order and symmetry and definiteness, which the mathematical sciences demonstrate in a special degree.
Aristotle science
The single harmony produced by all the heavenly bodies singing and dancing together springs from one source and ends by achieving one purpose, and has rightly bestowed the name not of "disordered" but of "ordered universe" upon the whole.
Aristotle purpose
If there is some end of the things we do, which we desire for its own sake, clearly this must be the good. Will not knowledge of it, then, have a great influence on life? Shall we not, like archers who have a mark to aim at, be more likely to hit upon what we should? If so, we must try, in outline at least, to determine what it is.
Aristotle life
It is the mark of an educated man to look for precision in each class of things just so far as the nature of the subject admits; it is evidently equally foolish to accept probable reasoning from a mathematician and to demand from a rhetorician scientific proofs.
Aristotle nature
The life of money-making is one undertaken under compulsion, and wealth is evidently not the good we are seeking; for it is merely useful and for the sake of something else.
Aristotle life
Piety requires us to honor truth above our friends.
Aristotle truth
For just as for a flute-player, a sculptor, or an artist, and, in general, for all things that have a function or activity, the good and the well is thought to reside in the function, so would it seem to be for man, if he has a function.
Aristotle art
If ... we state the function of man to be a certain kind of life, and this to be an activity or actions of the soul implying a rational principle, and the function of a good man to be the good and noble performance of these, and if any action is well performed when it is performed in accordance with the appropriate excellence ... human good turns out to be activity of the soul in accordance with virtue, and if there are more than one virtue, in accordance with the best and most complete.
Aristotle life
One swallow does not make a summer, nor does one day; and so too one day, or a short time, does not make a man blessed and happy.
Aristotle time
For some identify happiness with virtue, some with practical wisdom, others with a kind of philosophic wisdom, others with these, or one of these, accompanied by pleasure or not without pleasure; while others include also external prosperity. Now ... it is not probable that these should be entirely mistaken, but rather that they should be right in at least some one respect or even in most respects.
Aristotle wisdom
For pleasure is a state of soul, and to each man that which he is said to be a lover of is pleasant.... Now for most men their pleasures are in conflict with one another because these are not by nature pleasant, but the lovers of what is noble find pleasant the things that are by nature pleasant; and virtuous actions are such... Happiness then is the best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world, and these attributes are not severed as in the inscription at Delos: Most noble is that which is justest, and best is health; but pleasantest is it to win what we love.
Aristotle love
Everything that depends on the action of nature is by nature as good as it can be, and similarly everything that depends on art or any rational cause, and especially if it depends on the best of all causes. To entrust to chance what is greatest and most noble would be a very defective arrangement.
Aristotle art
The truly good and wise man will bear all kinds of fortune in a seemly way, and will always act in the noblest manner that the circumstances allow.
Aristotle man
May not we then confidently pronounce that man happy who realizes complete goodness in action, and is adequately furnished with external goods? Or should we add, that he must also be destined to go on living not for any casual period but throughout a complete lifetime in the same manner, and to die accordingly, because the future is hidden from us, and we conceive happiness as an end, something utterly and absolutely final and complete? If this is so, we shall pronounce those of the living who possess and are destined to go on possessing the good things we have specified to be supremely blessed, though on the human scale of bliss.
Aristotle life
For the things we have to learn before we can do, we learn by doing.
Aristotle learn
For legislators make the citizens good by forming habits in them, and this is the wish of every legislator, and those who do not effect it miss their mark, and it is in this that a good constitution differs from a bad one.
Aristotle good
It is well said, then, that it is by doing just acts that the just man is produced, and by doing temperate acts the temperate man; without doing these no one would have even a prospect of becoming good. But most people do not do these, but take refuge in theory and think they are being philosophers and will become good in this way, behaving somewhat like patients who listen attentively to their doctors, but do none of the things they are ordered to do.
Aristotle people
Again, it is possible to fail in many ways (for evil belongs to the class of the unlimited ... and good to that of the limited), while to succeed is possible only in one way (for which reason also one is easy and the other difficult—to miss the mark easy, to hit it difficult); for these reasons also, then, excess and defect are characteristic of vice, and the mean of virtue; For men are good in but one way, but bad in many.
Aristotle men
The vices respectively fall short of or exceed what is right in both passions and actions, while virtue both finds and chooses that which is intermediate.
Aristotle passion
In cases of this sort, let us say adultery, rightness and wrongness do not depend on committing it with the right woman at the right time and in the right manner, but the mere fact of committing such action at all is to do wrong.
Aristotle time
Any one can get angry — that is easy — or give or spend money; but to do this to the right person, to the right extent, at the right time, with the right motive, and in the right way, that is not for every one, nor is it easy.
Aristotle time
We must as second best, as people say, take the least of the evils.
Aristotle people
Therefore only an utterly senseless person can fail to know that our characters are the result of our conduct.
Aristotle character
Change in all things is sweet.Remark: While this quote is known as Aristotle's, he didn't proposed as his own saying, but as a citation from the other author. The full text is: But 'change in all things is sweet', as the poet says, because of some vice.
Aristotle change
Without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods.
Aristotle friends
When people are friends, they have no need of justice, but when they are just, they need friendship in addition.
Aristotle friendship
After these matters we ought perhaps next to discuss pleasure. For it is thought to be most intimately connected with our human nature, which is the reason why in educating the young we steer them by the rudders of pleasure and pain; it is thought, too, that to enjoy the things we ought and to hate the things we ought has the greatest bearing on virtue of character. For these things extend right through life, with a weight and power of their own in respect both to virtue and to the happy life, since men choose what is pleasant and avoid what is painful; and such things, it will be thought, we should least of all omit to discuss, especially since they admit of much dispute.
Aristotle life
And happiness is thought to depend on leisure; for we are busy that we may have leisure, and make war that we may live in peace.
Aristotle happiness
is bya.
Aristotle ya
does nothing uselessly.
Aristotle
Further, the state is by nature clearly prior to theand to the , since the whole is ofprior to the part; for example, if the whole body be destroyed, there will be no foot or , except in an equivocal sense, as we might speak of a stone hand; for when destroyed the hand will be no better than that. But things are defined by theirand ; and we ought not to say that they are the same when they no longer have their proper quality, but only that they have the same .[]
Aristotle art
Thethat the state is a creation ofand prior to theis that the individual, when isolated, is not self-sufficing; and therefore he is like a part in relation to the whole.[]
Aristotle art
He who is unable to live in , or who has nobecause he is sufficient for himself, must be either aor a .
Aristotle self
Man, when perfected, is the best of , but when separated fromand , he is the worst of all.
Aristotle perfect
was intended to be used in exchange, but not to increase at interest. And this term interest, which means theof money from money, is applied to the breeding of money because the offspring resembles the parent. Wherefore of all modes of getting wealth this is the most unnatural.
Aristotle change
Men ... are easily induced tothat in some wonderful manner everybody will become everybody's , especially when some one is heard denouncing thenow existing in states, suits about contracts, convictions for perjury, flatteries of rich men and the like, which are said to arise out of the possession of private property. These evils, however, are due to a very different cause — the wickedness of human .
Aristotle men
One would have thought that it was even moreto limit population than property; and that the limit should be fixed by calculating the chances of mortality in the children, and of sterility in married persons. The neglect of this subject, which in existing states is so common, is a never-failing cause of poverty among the citizens; and poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.
Aristotle children
It is of the nature ofnot to be satisfied, and most men live only for the gratification of it.
Aristotle nature
Again, men in general desire the , and not merely what their fathers had.
Aristotle men
Even whenhave been written down, they ought not always to remain unaltered.
Aristotle
Thatof important causes should hold office foris a disputable thing, for thegrows old as well as the body.
Aristotle body
They shouldwho are able to rule best.
Aristotle best
The good citizen need not ofpossess thewhich makes a good man.
Aristotle man
A state is not a mere , having a common place, established for the prevention of mutualand for the sake of exchange.... Political society exists for the sake of, and not of mere companionship.
Aristotle change
Theisunaffected by .
Aristotle sun
Ifand , as is thought by some, are chiefly to be found in , they will be best attained when all persons alike share in theto the utmost.
Aristotle thought
Inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates .
Aristotle mind
Both oligarch and tyrant mistrust the , and therefore deprive them of their arms.
Aristotle trust
A tyrant must put on theof uncommon devotion to . Subjects are less apprehensive of illegal treatment from awhom they consider -fearing and pious. On the other hand, they do less easily move against him, believing that he has theon his side.
Aristotle fear
The basis of a democratic state is .
Aristotle
, whether consisting inor , or both, is more often found with those who are highly cultivated in theirand in their , and have only a moderate share of external goods, than among those who possess external goods to a useless extent but are deficient in higher qualities.
Aristotle good
is , andis good order.
Aristotle good
Let us then enunciate the functions of a state and we shall easily elicit what we want: First there must be ; secondly, , for life requires many instruments; thirdly, there must be arms, for the members of a community have need of them, and in their own , too, in order to maintainboth against disobedient subjects and against external assailants....
Aristotle life
The appropriate age foris around eighteen for girls and thirty-seven for men.
Aristotle men
It is not easy to determine theof , or why anyone should have aof it.
Aristotle
There can be nothatshould be taught those useful things which are really , but not all things, for occupations are divided intoand illiberal; and to young children should be imparted only such kinds ofas will be useful to them without vulgarizing them. And any occupation, , orwhich makes the body, or , orof the freeman less fit for the practice or exercise ofis vulgar; wherefore we call those arts vulgar which tend to deform the body, and likewise all paid employments, for they absorb and degrade the mind. There are also somequite proper for a freeman to acquire, but only in a certain degree, and if he attend to them too closely, in order to attainin them, the sameeffects will follow.
Aristotle art
For well-being and health, again, the homestead should be airy in summer, and sunny in winter. A homestead possessing these qualities would be longer than it is deep; and its main front would face the south.
Aristotle health
It is absurd to hold that a man ought to be ashamed of being unable to defend himself with his limbs but not of being unable to defend himself with speech and reason, when the use of reason is more distinctive of a human being than the use of his limbs.
Aristotle self
Evils draw men together.
Aristotle men
Thus every action must be due to one or other of seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reasoning, anger, or appetite.
Aristotle nature
The young have exalted notions, because they have not been humbled by life or learned its necessary limitations; moreover, their hopeful disposition makes them think themselves equal to great things—and that means having exalted notions. They would always rather do noble deeds than useful ones: Their lives are regulated more by moral feeling than by reasoning.... All their mistakes are in the direction of doing things excessively and vehemently. They overdo everything; they love too much, hate too much, and the same with everything else.
Aristotle love
Wit is well-bred insolence.
Aristotle wit
It is simplicity that makes the uneducated more effective than the educated when addressing popular audiences.
Aristotle sin
How many a dispute could have been deflated into a single paragraph if the disputants had dared to define their terms.
Aristotle man
A tragedy, then, is the imitation of an... with incidents arousingand , wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such .
Aristotle sin
A whole is that which has , middle, and .
Aristotle
is finer and morethan ; for poetry expresses the universal, and history only the particular.
Aristotle poetry
Poetry demands awith a specialfor it, or else one with a touch of madness in him.
Aristotle man
But thething by far is to have a command of . This alone cannot be imparted by another; it is the mark of , for to makemetaphors implies anfor resemblances.
Aristotle art
has taught all othertheof telling lies skillfully.
Aristotle lies
For theof poetry a convincing impossibility is preferable to an unconvincing possibility.
Aristotle poetry
Assertions attributed to Aristotle in Lives of Eminent Philosophers by
Aristotle live
Education is the best provision for old age.
Aristotle age
Hope is a waking dream.
Aristotle dream
I have gained this by philosophy: that I do without being commanded what others do only from fear of the law.
Aristotle philosophy
Liars when they speak the truth are not believed.
Aristotle truth
To the query, "What is a friend?" his reply was "A single soul dwelling in two bodies."
Aristotle soul
Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies.
Aristotle soul
The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.
Aristotle education
My best friend is the man who in wishing me well wishes it for my sake.
Aristotle man
It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
Aristotle mind
Anybody can become angry - that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody's power and is not easy.
Aristotle time
Excellence is an art won by training and habituation. We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly. We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.
Aristotle art
The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance.
Aristotle war
You will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.
Aristotle courage
Quality is not an act, it is a habit.
Aristotle
A friend to all is a friend to none.
Aristotle friend
Happiness depends upon ourselves.
Aristotle end
At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.
Aristotle man
The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal.
Aristotle equality

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