When we ask why? concerning an event, we may mean either of two things. We may mean: What purpose did this event serve? or we may mean: What earlier circumstances caused this event? The answer to the former question is a teleological explanation, or an explanation by final causes; the answer to the latter question is a mechanistic explanation. I do not see how it could have been known in advance which of these two questions science ought to ask, or whether it ought to ask both. But experience has shown that the mechanistic question leads to scientific knowledge, while the teleological question does not.p. 67.